Ceasar's Mind

Follow me: @Ceasar_Bautista

Potential Fields

leave a comment »

So while surfing for a solution to my own AI problems, I found an article on potential fields. I had used these before in trying to develop an AI for Naval Commander, and achieved limited success, but I couldn’t figure it out well enough and so I ditched the whole thing.

Anyway, a potential field is kind of like a magnetic field. Basically, the AI places charges around the map, positive charges near high value targets, and negative ones around dangerous areas and impassable terrain. Allied units use the field by testing a few points around them, figure out where the most potential is, and moving toward the location. By strategically placing the charges, the AI can guide armies in a very dynamic and simple way.

So here our potential field is represented by the lightness of the square, with light squares being more attractive. The rocks, being impassable, and the white enemies, being dangerous, emit negative potential, coloring the nearby squares dark, while the goal areas emits positive potential, lighting the map up. Together, these fields  provide a way for the green unit to get to its destination all without any kind of path finding algorithm.

The article goes on to explain a few useful tricks, such as placing positive charges on top of enemy units to attract allied units to them, and then placing a weaker negative charge on top of them in order to get our units to attack from a certain range. Anyway, I think there is a lot of potential with this idea. I highly recommend you check the article out and you can count on me investigating the idea in the future.

(A thunderstorm won’t let me embed the link. Check it out here for now: http://aigamedev.com/open/tutorials/potential-fields/)

Written by Ceasar Bautista

2010/07/19 at 20:22


Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s